تبدیل نا امن بایت ها(Insecure Deserialization)

از Secure Coding
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو

گاهی لازم است برای انتقال برخی داده ها مانند object ها ابتدا اطلاعات را serialize کنید.

به این صورت که داده مورد نظر را به شکل مشخصی قرار می دهیم(serialization) و پس از نتقال آن را به شکل اولیه تبدیل می کنیم(deserialization).

Insecure deserialize.jpg

برای مثال در تصویر بالا اطلاعات کاربری شامل username و role و ... ابتدا serialize و انتقال می دهیم و پس از انتقال آن را deserialize می کنیم.

آسیب پذیری insecure deserialization هنگام deserialize شدن داده رخ می دهد و باعث بروز آسیب پذیری های دیگر مانند آسیب پذیری اجرای کد از راه دور می شود.

]روش های جلوگیری[ویرایش]

روش های جلوگیری در PHP[ویرایش]

مثال 1)

<?php 

class foo {
	
	public $file = "test.txt";
	public $data = "text";
	function __destruct(){
		file_put_contents($this->file, $this->data);
	}
}

$file_name = $_GET['session_filename'];
print "Readfile ".$file_name."<br>";

if(!file_exist($file_name)) {
	print "No file\n";
} else{
	unserialize(file_get_contents($file_name));
}

روش 1)

<?php 

class foo {
	
	public $file = "test.txt";
	public $data = "text";
	function __destruct(){
		file_put_contents($this->file, $this->data);
	}
}

$file_name = $_GET['session_filename'];

$allowedvalues = array("allow_value_1", "allow_value_2", "allow_value_3");

if(!in_array($file_name, $allowedvalues)){
	die("Such a value is not allowed.");
}

print "Readfile ".$file_name."<br>";

if(!file_exist($file_name)) {
	print "No file\n";
} else{
	unserialize(file_get_contents($file_name));
}

?>

روش های جلوگیری در ASP.NET[ویرایش]

مثال 1)

public void Serialize(SerializationProductModel pro, String filename) {
    System.IO.Stream ms = File.OpenWrite(filename);
    BinaryFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
    formatter.Serialize(ms, pro);
    ms.Flush();
    ms.Close();
    ms.Dispose();
}
public SerializationProductModel Deserialize(String filename) {
    BinaryFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
    FileStream fs = File.Open(filename, FileMode.Open);
    SerializationProductModel obj =
        (SerializationProductModel) formatter.Deserialize(fs);
    fs.Flush();
    fs.Close();
    fs.Dispose();
    return obj;
}

مثال 2)

using System.Web.Script.Serialization;

public class ExampleClass
{
    public T Deserialize<T>(string str)
    {
        JavaScriptSerializer s = new JavaScriptSerializer(new SimpleTypeResolver());
        return s.Deserialize<T>(str);
    }
}

روش 1)

public class DemoDeserializationBinder: SerializationBinder {
    public override Type BindToType(string assemblyName, string typeName) {
        List < Tuple < string, Type >> allowedTypes = new List < Tuple < string, Type >> ();
        allowedTypes.Add(new Tuple < string, Type > ("RestAPIService.Models.SerializationProductModel",
            typeof(SerializationProductModel)));
        foreach(Tuple < string, Type > typeTuple in allowedTypes) {
            if (typeName == typeTuple.Item1) {
                return typeTuple.Item2;
            }
        }
        throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("Disallowed type");
    }
}
public SerializationProductModel Secure_Deserialize(String filename) {
    //Format the object as Binary
    //add Binder
    BinaryFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter {
        Binder = new DemoDeserializationBinder()
    };
    //Reading the file from the server
    FileStream fs = File.Open(filename, FileMode.Open);
    SerializationProductModel obj =
        (SerializationProductModel) formatter.Deserialize(fs);
    //SerializationProductModel pro = (SerializationProductModel)obj;
    fs.Flush();
    fs.Close();
    fs.Dispose();
    return obj;
}

روش 2)

using System.Web.Script.Serialization;

public class ExampleClass
{
    public T Deserialize<T>(string str)
    {
        JavaScriptSerializer s = new JavaScriptSerializer();
        return s.Deserialize<T>(str);
    }
}

روش های جلوگیری در JAVA[ویرایش]

مثال 1)

class Utils
{
    // Function to serialize an object and write it to a file

    public static void SerializeToFile(Object obj, String filename)
    {
        try
        {
            FileOutputStream file = new FileOutputStream(filename);
            ObjectOutputStream out = new ObjectOutputStream(file);

            // Serialization of the object to file

            System.out.println("Serializing " + obj.toString() + " to " + filename);
            out.writeObject(obj);

            out.close();
            file.close();
        }
        catch(Exception e)
        {
            System.out.println("Exception: " + e.toString());
        }
    }

    // Function to deserialize an object from a file

    public static Object DeserializeFromFile(String filename)
    {
        Object obj = new Object();

        try
        {
            FileInputStream file = new FileInputStream(filename);
            ObjectInputStream in = new ObjectInputStream(file);

            // Deserialization of the object to file

            System.out.println("Deserializing from " + filename);
            obj = in.readObject();

            in.close();
            file.close();
        }
        catch(Exception e)
        {
            System.out.println("Exception: " + e.toString());
        }

        return obj;
    }
}

روش 1)

package com.suducode.safe.deserialization;

import java.io.FilterInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectStreamClass;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * This class helps with safely de serializing an object from a stream avoiding the known
 * vulnerability in native java de serialization.
 *
 * @param <T> De-serialized object will be cast to this type.
 * @author Sudharshan Krishnamurthy
 * @version 1.0
 */
public class SafeDeserializer<T> {

    private long length = 0;
    private long maxBytes = 0;
    private long maxObjects = 0;
    private InputStream inputStream;
    private List<Class<?>> safeClasses;

    /**
     * A de-serializer to replace the unsafe ObjectInputStream.readObject() method built into Java. This method
     * checks to be sure the classes referenced are safe, the number of objects is limited to something sane,
     * and the number of bytes is limited to a reasonable number. The returned Object is also cast to the
     * specified type.
     *
     * @param safeClasses List of Classes allowed in serialized object being read.
     * @param maxObjects  long representing the maximum number of objects allowed inside the serialized
     *                    object being read.
     * @param maxBytes    long representing the maximum number of bytes allowed to be read from the InputStream.
     * @param inputStream InputStream containing an untrusted serialized object.
     * @return Object read from the stream. (cast to the Class of the type parameter)
     * @throws IOException            might be thrown while reading fom the stream.
     * @throws ClassNotFoundException might be thrown while casting the deserialized object.
     */
    public SafeDeserializer(List<Class<?>> safeClasses, long maxObjects, long maxBytes, InputStream inputStream) {
        this.safeClasses = safeClasses;
        this.maxBytes = maxBytes;
        this.maxObjects = maxObjects;
        this.inputStream = inputStream;
    }


    public T safelyReadObject() throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {

        // create an input stream limited to a certain number of bytes
        InputStream lis = new SecureFilterInputStream(inputStream);

        // create an object input stream that checks classes and limits the number of objects to read
        ObjectInputStream ois = new SecureObjectInputStream(lis);

        // use the protected ObjectInputStream to read object safely and cast to T
        return (T) ois.readObject();

    }

    /**
     * Filter Input stream override to enforce some security rules.
     */
    private class SecureFilterInputStream extends FilterInputStream {

        protected SecureFilterInputStream(InputStream in) {
            super(in);
        }

        @Override
        public int read() throws IOException {
            int val = super.read();
            if (val != -1) {
                length++;
                checkLength();
            }
            return val;
        }

        @Override
        public int read(byte[] bytes, int off, int len) throws IOException {
            int val = super.read(bytes, off, len);
            if (val > 0) {
                length += val;
                checkLength();
            }
            return val;
        }

        private void checkLength() throws IOException {
            if (length > maxBytes) {
                throw new SecurityException("Security violation: attempt to deserialize too many bytes"
                        + " from stream. Limit is " + maxBytes);
            }
        }

    }

    /**
     * Object Input stream override to enforce some security rules.
     */
    private class SecureObjectInputStream extends ObjectInputStream {

        private int objCount = 0;

        boolean status = enableResolveObject(true);

        protected SecureObjectInputStream(InputStream filteredInputStream) throws IOException {
            super(filteredInputStream);
        }

        @Override
        protected Object resolveObject(Object obj) throws IOException {
            if (objCount++ > maxObjects) {
                throw new SecurityException("Security violation: attempt to deserialize too many objects"
                        + " from stream. Limit is " + maxObjects);
            }
            return super.resolveObject(obj);
        }

        @Override
        protected Class<?> resolveClass(ObjectStreamClass osc) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
            Class<?> clazz = super.resolveClass(osc);
            if (clazz.isArray() || clazz.equals(String.class)
                    || Number.class.isAssignableFrom(clazz) || safeClasses.contains(clazz)) {
                return clazz;
            }
            throw new SecurityException("Security violation: attempt to deserialize unauthorized " + clazz);
        }
    }

}